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Accommodation

Animals' accommodation in breeding centres and research institutes are set by regulations regarding every species (p. 276/54 to p.276/71)

 

Buildings are built following close examination. The types and numbers of premises, and the quality of the material are controlled. The quality and level of air renewal are also inspected. The level and length of light exposure are imposed.

 

A sanitary surveillance strategy must be elaborated by the institutes to guarantee the animals' health.

 

Accommodation must be in groups (unless the concerned animals are naturally solitary) in a space with dimensions set depending on species and weight. The space is equipped to give the animals the possibility to control their environment. Of course water and food are available in satisfying quality and quantity.

 

The dimensions of the compartments are set by the 2010/63 directive and will be required in every country of the European Union by January 1st, 2017. This leave institutes enough time to make the necessary changes to adopt new dimensions.

According to these norms a mice must for example be accommodated on a minimum surface of 330 cm2, a ferret in at least 0,45 m2, a rabbit of 3 to 5 kg in 0,42 m2, a dog of more than 20 kg in 4 m2, a pig of 60 kg in 3 m2, a cow of 500 kg in 9 m2, and a macaque a minimum of 3,6 m3. Specific dimensions are also imposed for reproducing animals. In the last years these norms have been applied to institutes for the creation of animal units or upgrades. We believe that all French institutes will be applying these well before 2017.