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12 - 06 - 2019

Animals used in research in France in 2017

The Ministry of Research has just published the 2017 statistical survey on animals used by research .

The total number of animals used was 1.9 million. Rodents, fish and rabbits account for 93% of the animals used. Farm animals about 5%, dogs and cats less than 0.3% and primates (mainly macaques) less than 0.2%. No big monkeys are used.




With the exception of studies conducted for wildlife research, all animals come from breeding centers. Two percent of the animals are used repeatedly (reused). This helped slightly decrease the number of animals used and is carried out in a very strict regulatory framework.

Animals are mainly used for basic research (38%), applied research (25%) and drug development or control (30%).

Seventy-eight percent of the animals are used in mild or moderate procedures, 5% in procedures without reanimation and 17% in severe procedures. This type of procedure includes, for example, certain surgical procedures or models of cancers or infectious diseases.

Thirty percent of animals are used to meet regulatory requirements that are for most European. Two-thirds of cats (581 out of 867) are used to validate veterinary drugs or vaccines. Not a single cat was subjected to a severe procedure.

Sixty-one percent of fish and 30% of rodents were genetically modified.

Statistical data from previous years are available on the ministry website.