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Animal research and medical breakthroughs

Animal research provides a lot of information to researchers and physicians regarding living organisms, understanding diseases and discovering new treatments. This is thanks to, and because, the study of biology and diseases is done on complete living organisms.

It is also why the article number 10 of the European Directive 2010/63 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes states that “While it is desirable to replace the use of live animals in procedures by other methods not entailing the use of live animals, the use of live animals continues to be necessary to protect human and animal health and the environment.

Animal research is present in every medical breakthrough. It’s on dogs that Louis Pasteur tested his first vaccine against rabies. It’s also on dogs that in 1921, Banting and Best showed that we could treat diabetes with insulin. It’s on mice that in 1940 Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic effect of penicillin. Transplant surgeries were developed on dogs and pigs before they were performed on humans. Bronchodilators, which help with asthma, were finalized thanks to studies on the guinea pig. The surgical treatment for Macular degeneration (AMD) was studied in the rabbit, the cat and the monkey, which led to its use in humans from 1998. The treatments against AIDS are fine tuned thanks to studies on rats and monkeys. Nobel prizes for Medicine have from the beginning and still today been attributed to works based on in vitro methods and animal research. 

Animal research remains an essential element to biological and medical research to fight against the countless diseases that’s still affect humans and animals. You will find in this website information about research on key human and animal diseases. You will also find links to public health and research websites.