Research on disease involves the prevention and treatment of all diseases: infectious diseases (viruses or bacteria) or metabolic (diabetes, obesity), cancers, aging or degenerative diseases. Studies are conducted on animal models when they can’t be performed on humans or in vitro.
For each of the presented diseases, we indicate the animal species most frequently used by the researchers.
Animal Research for human diseases involves making animal models that mimic the disease in a laboratory. It is thus possible to do studies and observations that can’t be done in vitro or in patients.
Animal models can be induced by metabolic disruptions (eg feeding a high-calorie diet to rats to study obesity) or by an organic disease (eg creating a genetically engineered mouse strain to mimic cancer or neurodegenerative diseases) or by the administration of an infection agent (eg injecting mycobacterium tuberculosis to study tuberculosis in guinea pigs).
Research has made it possible to eradicate diseases, discover new treatments or prevention methods. But in some cases, there is still a lot that needs to be done.
By clicking on the tabs on the left, you can get information about research on various human diseases.